Texas has been under the sovereignty of six different countries: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States of America, and the United States of America. When Texas became a state in 1845, the national flag became the state flag. Officially, from 1879 – 1933, there was no flag because the statutes pertaining to the flag were not renewed. In 1933, the Texas Flag Code was adopted and once again, Texas had an official flag.
The Lone Star Flag, which is how the Texas flag is known, is a rectangle with a blue vertical stripe that is about 1/3 of the width of the flag. The other section of the flag is two equal horizontal stripes of white and red. Within the blue stripe, there is a white star. Blue stands for loyalty, white is for purity, and red represents bravery. The single (lone) star represents all of Texas and stands for unity.
The first flag of Texas was approved by President Sam Houston. It was a large yellow five-pointed star on an azure background, known as the “National Standard of Texas.” This flag flew until January 25, 1839 when the Texas Congress passed a bill introducing the Lone Star design. For many years, the actual designer of the flag was not acknowledged. According to House Resolution 1123 in 1997, which commemorated Montgomery County as the birthplace of the flag, it was designed by Dr. Charles Stewart.
For many years, no standard colors existed for the red and blue. Many manufacturers produced state flags in different shades and dimensions. In 1993, a statute was adopted to make official dimensions and colors of the flag. The red and blue colors were stipulated as “Old Glory Red” and “Old Glory Blue” which are the same colors of the United States flag.
There’s a legend that says that the Texas flag is the only flag allowed to fly at the same height as the U.S. flag, but that’s not true. According to the United States Flag Code, any state flag can be flown at the same height as the U.S. flag, but the U.S. flag belongs on the right (the left of the viewer). If flying on the same pole as the U.S. flag, the Texas flag would fly below the U.S. flag. When the Texas flag is displayed vertically, the blue stripe is at the top, and the white stripe is to the left of the red stripe when viewed by an observer.
The Lone Star flag clearly represents the spirt of Texas with its Lone Star indicating independence. The design is easy to recognize and gave rise to the state’s nickname, “The Lone Star State.
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